Commander John Rodgers
Commander John Rodgers loved the Navy, flying and Hawaii. The love affair was mutual and Hawaii’s first airport was dedicated to him on March 21, 1927. When the airport was moved to its current location in 1962 the Terminal Building was named in his honor, as was the main road leading into the airport.
Rodgers was born January 15, 1881 in the District of Columbia; and died August 27, 1926 as the result of a flying accident over the Delaware River, Pennsylvania, his plane falling into the river at the end of a flight from Washington.
Commander Rodgers carried on the tradition of a long-distinguished American naval family, entering the naval academy on September 9, 1899, having been appointed at large. While at the U. S. Naval Academy he played football, rowed on crew and was an all around athlete.
Commander Rodgers’ father was John Augustus Rodgers, Rear Admiral (Retired) U.S. Navy, who was born at Havre de Grace, Maryland on July 30, 1862. John Rodgers’ grandfather was a capable naval officer and Commander Rodgers’ great grandfather was the celebrated John Rodgers, who was in the command of the President, with the rank of commodore and distinguished himself in the War of 1812.
Commander in 1920
Lt. Cmdr. John Rodgers was advanced to the rank of Commander on November 4, 1920. After his history-making flight in the PN-9 No. 1 to Hawaii, he was assigned to duty as Assistant Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics. On June 19, 1926, he was selected for advancement to the rank of Captain in the Navy.
Flight of PN-9
He commanded the PN-9 No. 1, which made the first trans-Pacific flight from San Francisco to Honolulu on August 31, 1925 and got within 300 miles of Oahu when the plane ran out of gasoline. The plane landed in the water and drifted and sailed for nine days before reaching the island of Kauai. Rodgers’ leadership brought the plane and crew safely through, after nine days of hardship.
Learned From Curtiss
Glenn Curtiss, aviation pioneer taught Commander Rodgers to fly at San Diego in 1910-1911, on North Island where the Naval Air Station now stands. At that time neither the Army nor the Navy were based on the island. What became the Rockwell Field Intermediate Air Depot was at that time just a good hunting ground for rabbits.
During his course of instruction under Glenn Curtiss, at North Island, and while Rodgers was instructing another student, a crash occurred that buried Rodgers in the ground up to his shoulders. He was flying in a land-plane at the time.
At the time of his death in 1927, Rodgers was the senior naval aviator in the U.S. service and had been flying since 1910. After his course with Glenn Curtiss, he flew for several years, and then returned to the regular line of the Navy, where he remained until approximately 1920 when he returned to aviation duty.
His career was a varied one much more so than the average Naval officer. He had 16 years of sea service to his credit, embracing command of a surveying ship for a number of years in the West Indies, command of a submarine division base of the Canal Zone for a number of years; command of the mine-sweeping detachment which swept the northern mine barrage in the North Sea during 1919. He was executive officer of the USS Nevada and developed mass singing there with the band, in connection with moving pictures in the evening.
Here Nearly Three Years
Commander Rodgers was in command of the Pearl Harbor Naval Station from September 1, 1922 to May 1925. While at this station he specialized in aerial navigation which was of great benefit to aviation then and now.
While in Hawaii he became adept with the surfboard, and strongly recommended it to his aviators as being excellent sport and great for developing proper sense of balance. At Lahaina, Commander Rodgers rode a surfboard which was being towed behind a power boat, the tow-line being held in his hands.
At the time of his death, he had just left the post of Assistant Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics, to take command of an experimental long distance scouting squadron and his trip to Philadelphia, which ended so disastrously, was for the purpose of inspecting new planes assigned to his squadron.
Led in Navigation
Commander Rodgers had not only specialized in aerial navigation and made great improvements, but instructed all of his officers in the subject. The instruments that he perfected while at Pearl Harbor, and in which he trained his officers, were his own developments, and were used in the trans-Pacific flight.
Commander John Rodgers was distinguished for his courage, imperturbability, taciturnity and tenacity of purpose. He was a firm disciplinarian, and a man of excellent judgment. He was also a man of vision, especially in regard to naval aviation, in which he was 10 years ahead of his time.
Rodgers had nerves of steel and was noted throughout the navy for his lack of fear. Many stories of his capacity to endure pain are recounted.
It is said that on one occasion at Pearl Harbor his index finger was badly mangled. He was laid on an operating table while physicians worked on it. The pain was terrific but Rodgers was given neither a local nor general anesthetic. In spite of this, the story goes, he went to sleep while the doctors were repairing the injured member.
It was this officer’s inestimable privilege to render real service to the Navy that he loved. His outstanding performance in the PN-9 No. 1 was that it occurred at a psychological moment, and was a complete refutation of the attacks then being made on naval aviation. His performance in that flight made him the outstanding figure in American air circles.