- The promotion of constructive lifestyles and norms that discourage
- Development of social environments that facilitate drug-free
- A dynamic process that must relate to and continue through every
Data from the past 20 years show that prevention has
succeeded in substantially reducing the incidence and prevalence of
illicit drug use. Successful substance abuse prevention also leads to
reductions in traffic fatalities, violence, unwanted pregnancy, child
abuse, sexually transmitted diseases, HIV/AIDS, injuries, cancer, heart
disease and lost productivity.
Substance Abuse Prevention can be shown to be
effective. In 1979, 25 million Americans used an illegal drug during
the preceding month. (SAMHSA National Household Survey)
In 1995, 12.8 million Americans used an illegal drug
in the past month, a decrease of nearly 50
In the 1980s, complete abstinence from drugs was
claimed by fewer than one in thirteen high-school seniors.
(NIDA--Monitoring the Future Survey)
In 1995 nearly one out of five seniors reported
complete abstinence, an increase of nearly
programs can encourage change in youth behavior patterns which are
indicative of eventual substance abuse.
- Cornell University researchers in a study of 6,000 students in NY
State found that the odds of drinking, smoking, and using marijuana
were 40% lower among students who participated in a school-based
substance abuse program in grades 7-9 than among their counterparts who
- Forty-two schools in Kansas City, MO reported less student use of
alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana than control sites as a result of
Project Star, a prevention program.
- In Nashville, the proportion of students who achieved perfect
attendance for 20-day attendance periods increased from 27% to 60% as a
result of a CSAP-funded community partnership school incentive
abuse prevention programs can improve parenting skills and family
- A CSAP-funded study at CO State University found significant and
enduring enhancement of successful parenting skills including:
increased parental satisfaction, decreased harsh punishments for
children, increased positive attitudes towards parenting, and increased
appropriate control techniques.
. Drug abuse
prevention programs are effective in changing individual
characteristics which are predictive of later substance abuse.
- In Oakland, CA and other sites across the country, the Child
Development Project found significant decreases in incidents of weapons
possession and gang fighting among program participants in comparison
to control groups.
abuse prevention programs reduce delinquent behaviors among youth which
are frequently associated with substance abuse and drug-related
- The Mexican-American Unity Council found significantly fewer
conduct problems, less hyperactive behavior, and reduced passivity
among children participating in a CSAP-funded prevention program. A
similar study in Denver, CO replicated these results.
- The Safe Streets Prevention Partnership in Tacoma, WA has been
instrumental in closing 600 drug selling locations since 1990 and in
reducing crime by more than 40%.
- The Miami Coalition Community Partnership program has spurred Dade
County community officials to demolish more than 2000 crack houses.
Crime in the area has been reduced 24% and annual drug use has
decreased by more than 40%.
transmission of generic life skills is associated with short-term
reductions in substance abuse among adolescents.
- In DE, the Diamond Deliveries program which targets pregnant
adolescent alcohol and drug users resulted in a 60% lower incidence of
low-birth-weight babies and significantly lower neonatal costs than a
matched control group.
- CSAP's High Risk Youth projects confirm that prevention efforts
incorporating "life skills" such as problem-solving, decision-making,
resistance against adverse peer influences, and social and
communication skills are associated with reduced incidence of substance
abuse among adolescents.
For more information call CSAP's Clearinghouse
on Alcohol and Drug Information at 1-800-729-6686 or visit their web
site at www.health.org
- Belief that drugs improve physical and mental performance
- Belief that drugs are not harmful
- As a coping mechanism for traumatic experiences, e.g., childhood
sexual abuse, school failure, etc.
- Sensation-seeking behavior
- Substance use by family members
- Peer pressure
- Community norms
- Exposure to pro-use message in mass media
- Access and availability
Hawaii Department of Health
Alcohol and Drug Abuse Division
601 Kamokila Blvd. Room 360
Kapolei, Hawai'i, 96707